(provided by Derek from lisiming.com)
Daoist believes that when life is lived in accordance with healthy ways, people can achieve their natural age of over one hundreds years old (source: Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor). How did Daoist approach this task of Regimen? Wudang Mountain offers a 4-layer framework of Life Style, Exercise, Medicine, and Culture.
First, it is suggested that one maintains a proper Life Style that matches with the natural rhythms of the nature and its seasonal changes. For example, when the daylight is long in the summer, go to bed late and wake up early; whereas in winter time, where the day light is short, go to bed early and wake up late. In diet, eat seasonal foods which are grown in accordance to the different climate in each season, and select specific food that balances the energy of individual body and external environment.
Then, maintain suitable internal (anaerobic) and external (aerobic) exercises to generate, move, and store energy. Daoist practitioners have invented countless exercise to achieve this goal such as Qi-gong, Baduanjin, Tai-chi, and various forms of kungfu and martial arts trainings.
Thirdly, when one encounter sickness, know the right diagnosis and treatment to facilitate healing. Self diagnose or find a qualified doctor for proper diagnosis, and receive proper treatment such as massages, acupunctures, pills, herbs, and pills.
Finally, maintain a healthy culture which include a healthy attitude towards life (prescribed in Daoist Philosophies), healthy activities and hobbies such as classical music, chess, calligraphy, and painting; and cultivation mind and spirituality.